Department of Women and Child Development, Government of India, came
into existence as a separate Ministry with effect from 30th
January, 2006, earlier since 1985 it was a Department under the
Ministry of Human Resources Development.
The Ministry was constituted with the prime intention of addressing
gaps in State action for women and children for promoting
inter-Ministerial and inter-sectoral convergence to create gender
equitable and child-centred legislation, policies and programmes.
broad mandate of the Ministry is to have holistic development of Women
and Children. As a nodal Ministry for the advancement of women and
children, the Ministry formulates plans, policies and programmes;
enacts/ amends legislation, guides and coordinates the
efforts of both governmental and non-governmental organisations
working in the field of Women and Child Development. Besides, playing
its nodal role, the Ministry implements certain innovative programmes
for women and children. These programmes cover welfare and support
services, training for employment and income generation, awareness
generation and gender sensitization. These programmes play a
supplementary and complementary role to the other general
developmental programmes in the sectors of health, education, rural
development etc. All these efforts are directed to ensure that women
are empowered both economically and socially and thus become equal
partners in national development along with men.
the holistic development of the child, the Ministry has been
implementing the world's largest and most unique and outreach
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)
providing a package of services comprising supplementary nutrition,
immunization, health check up and referral services, pre-school
non-formal education. There is
effective coordination and monitoring of various sectoral programmes.
Most of the programmes of the Ministry are run through
non-governmental organisations. Efforts are made to have more
effective involvement of NGOs. The major policy initiatives undertaken by the Ministry in
the recent past include universalisation of
Kishori Shakti Yojana,
launching a nutrition programme for adolescent girls, establishment of
the Commission for protection of Child Rights and enactment of
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act.
The Ministry of Women and Child
Development is headed by
Hon'ble Minister Smt. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi, Mr.
V. S. Oberoi is the
Secretary and Ms. Preeti Sudan is the Additional
Secretary of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
The activities of the Ministry are undertaken through seven bureaux.
Ministry has 6 autonomous organisations viz.
working under its aegis. NIPCCD and RMK
are societies registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
CSWB is a charitable company registered under section 25 of the Indian
Companies Act, 1956. These organisations are fully funded by the Govt.
of India and they assist the Department in its functions including
implementation of some programmes/schemes. The National Commission for
Women was constituted as a national apex statutory body in 1992 for
protecting and safeguarding the rights of women. The
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights which is a
national level apex statutory body constituted in the March 2007 for
protecting and safe guarding the rights of children.
Subjects Allocated to the Ministry
References from the United
Nations Organizations relating to traffic in Women and Children
Care of pre-school children including pre-primary education
National Nutrition Policy,
national Plan of Action for Nutrition and National Nutrition Mission.
Charitable and religious endowments pertaining to subjects allocated
to this Department
Promotion and development of voluntary effort on the subjects
allocated to this Department
Implementation of -
- Welfare of the family.
Women and Child Welfare and Coordination of activities of other
Ministries and Organisation in connection with this subject.
Immoral Traffic in Women and
Girl Act. 1956 (as amended upto 1986)
The Indecent Representation of Women (Prevention) Act, 1986 (60 of
The Dowry Prohibition Act. 1961 (28 of 1961)
The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
(3 of 1988), excluding
the administration of criminal justice in regard to offences under
Implementation of the Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and
Infant Food (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act,
1992 (41 of 1992).
Coordination of activities of Cooperative for Assistance and Relief
Planning, Research, Evaluation, Monitoring, Project Formulations,
Statistics and Training relating to the welfare and development of
women and children, including development of gender sensitive data
Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Social Welfare Board (CSWB)
Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD)
and Nutrition Board (FNB)
Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equity.
Development and popularization of subsidiary and protective